Video2CD



Video2CD provides state of the art video and high quality encoding services to individuals and businesses.

Welcome To Video2CD.

Whether you're looking at DVD creation from you media or streaming video production from VHS, mini-dv, Hi-8, a variety of file formats or (Super) 8mm cine film Video2CD offers a comprehensive set of products and services.



Video2CD converts from the following media types:

Mini-DV. VHS. Hi-8, Super 8mm cine film, standard 8mm cine film and a variety of file formats, including: mpeg-1, mpeg-2, .mov, VCD, SVCD and many others.


Target Formats:
DVD, Hard Disk, USB memory stick, YouTube

Perfectly Encoded Video


Source Formats

Whatever your source format, we can almost certainly convert it to the target format of your choice. If the source is a really old or obscure type, then we'll probably want to see a sample for test purposes before undertaking the work and guaranteeing completion.

Multiple Options

Of course it's possible to mix and match delivery formats, say receive some elements on DVD, some on USB memory stick, and others on Youtube.

Archiving

Part of the Video2CD project is to create an on-line archive of cine memorabilia for the delectation of future generations. Click Here for details.

Delivery

All original materials are returned to the customer on completion of the job using Royal Mail special delivery. It is recomended you send original material to us using the same method.

Prices:


DVD £35/hour
VCD £25/hour
MPEG-1 £35/hour

About Target Formats:

The format you should choose should depend on what you're going to use your video for.

If it's going to be used on the web, for example, then H.264 would probably be best.

If you need advice about the format that's most appropriate for your application, then don't hesitate to contact us at Video2CD.

Social Media Pic

October 16th 2016

Master the art of social media and networking.

Go Mobile

October 16th 2016

Mobile matters. Build sites for every size.

Read More
Placeholder Picture

More Questions:


So what if I want to sell adult video material?

By "Adult Video Material" we mean "hardcore". Anything with, say, an 18 (new window) certificate would be fine. But not an R18 (new window) certificate.

While we have no particular moral objection to that kind of thing (except perhaps in terms of the amount of the "temporary suspension of disbelief" necessary) there are two problems here:

The first is that our default payment processor, PayPal, does not permit its services to be used for "adult" material.

So that means we'd have to develop a custom payment mechanism specifically to handle adult sales, and charge you for the work. Which would cost between £350 and £650.

Secondly, UK law is very complicated as regards the distribution of adult material in any form, Internet based or not and basically Video2CD has absolutely no intention of becoming a test case in any way, shape or form.

So, essentially, the answer is no. We don't do adult stuff . But that said, see below if you like our system.


Formats (again):

Windows Media Video / Audio, QuickTime and h.264.

Source media can be MiniDV (PAL or NTSC), VHS (PAL or NTSC), existing Windows Media Video files, MPEG-1, MPEG-2, and various other formats.

Cine To DVD:

Not interested in the technical details?

Then

Click Here for prices, etc.

Or

Click Here to see what the finished product looks like.

(This page may take a while to load, becasue there are several big pictures)

Click Here for an MPEG-1 movie that illustrates the our conversion quality. The demo is a lot smaller than our standard conversions in order to preserve bandwidth (2.6Mb, which isn't too bad, even if you're on dial-up). Other samples are here (new window).

We can convert 8mm and Super 8mm cine film to any digital format you want (we should also be able to do 9.5mm in the next couple of weeks). We do not have the facilities to convert cine soundtracks at this time. If you want to add a soundtrack, you can supply one on CD, cassette tape, or whatever media takes your fancy. Generally speaking we don't recommend a musical soundtrack because they tend to date terribly quickly.

Generally speaking we recommend moving to your cine film to DVD; but that's up to you. You should choose the end format that is most appropriate to your needs. Mostly, this will be DVD.

How We Convert Cine To Other Formats:

We use the "Telecine" approach.

Essentially this means that we capture each frame of your cine film on an individual basis (one frame at a time), and combine each frame into a digital video film. From the digital video (DV) master we then convert to the format of your choice using Cleaner XL and/or Adobe Premiere.

We do the individual frame capture using a fairly sophisticated and relatively expensive piece of kit called a "Telecine".

Most people who provide a cine conversion service simply film the projected cine film and convert from there.

Problems Inherent in Filming Projected Cine

Videoing the projected film is a quick, cheap and dirty way to do the conversion. It doesn't yield particularly good results because there are a number of inherent problems, the most noticeable of which are:

Strobing

When one videos a projected cine film, one is recording at either 25 or 30 frames per second. Cine, however, is filmed and projected at a variety of frame rates. The important thing is that the rate at which the cine is filmed and projected differs from the rate at which it is videoed at. Now, as you know, a cine film is made up of individual frames. Each frame is separated from other frames by a frame border - basically a black line. When you film the projected cine, the camera picks this black line up and interprets it as a momentary dulling of the picture. The net effect is a perceptible light/dark flashing effect that we call "strobing".

Scanning each frame individually completely avoids this problem because only frames are scanned, not inter-frame borders.

Dull Edges

When you project a cine film, the film is illuminated by a bulb. The light produced by the bulb tends to be circular, and the brightness level falls off the further you get from the centre of illumination. This is illustrated below:



As you get further from the centre of illumination, brightness tends to fall off. What this comes down to is that you get a bright middle and darker towards the sides of the frame probably following some kind of inverse square law.

Of course how pronounced this effect is depends on a whole host of variables, bulb type, projector screen distance and so on, but videoing tends to make the brightness variation more pronounced.

The white/gray circles represent the brightness level provided by the projector bulb, and the yellow rectangle outline represent the film frame. The illustration is only, erm, illustrative, but you get the general idea.

The telecine approach provides a constant linear illumination level, so you avoid this problem altogether.

Frame Cropping

Basically this problem is avoidable when videoing a projected cine film, but it's tricky to do well. The nature of the problem is that the frame size of your video camera differs from the frame size of the projected movie. Well, when I say "frame size," what I actually mean is "aspect ratio". So what's the aspect ratio? And why quibble?




Essentially the "aspect ratio" is the ratio of image height to image width. The yellow rectangle illustrates the frame size and aspect ratio of most PAL digital cameras - it's a bit different for NTSC, or if you're using widescreen format, but the principle is the same.

In order to make sure that you video the whole projected cine image, you need to position the camera at a distance from the screen so that with the appropriate zoom setting you get
the entire image without loosing either the vertical or horizontal edges. And then, of course you run into other problems to do with illumination levels, camera angle and so on. As I say, it can be done but it's damn fiddley and quite hard to get right.


And these are some (by no means all) of the reasons why videoing projected cine film and then converting to whatever digital format is a bad idea, if you want a good result.

The Telecine Approach

At Video2CD we use the "Telecine Approach," which means that we avoid all of the problems listed, and quite a few others, giving you the best possible cine conversion quality it's possible to get.

As noted above, a telecine scans each frame of your cine film individually, with linear illumination giving excellent reproduction, and incidentally perfect frame rate conversion; remember cine is projected at around 18 frames per second, where as PAL DVDs play at 25fps.

The frame rate problem is actually quite interesting (if you're that way inclined).

The Downside

Telecine operations are relatively slow; the machines we operate can handle 6 frames per second, and we prefer to run then at 4 fps to ensure the highest quality capture. That means our conversions take longer that simply filming the projected cine and converting from there.

Prices

We charge the same for standard 8mm and super 8mm cine conversions. Detailed prices are given below.

The basic price is £35 per hour + £5 per reel. The reel charge is basically a species of self-defence. It's a real hassle to set up a telecine, and frankly I'd really rather not do it every 4 minutes.

The moral of this is that you should - where possible - splice together your 3" reels into 7" reels. We may be able to do this for you (for a fee, alas) in the not too distant future. The upside is that the fee will be less than the reel charge.

But PLEASE DO NOT SPLICE YOUR REELS TOGETHER if you are unpracticed at that kind of thing. I know this will cost you more but unless you know what you're doing this can lead to an inferior result

The table below lists reel sizes and approximate running times. This should enable you to calculate the total cost of converting your cine films without too much hassle. But you may need a ruler!

We also have a price calculator program. Click Here to use it!
Reel Size Length (feet) Duration
Standard 8 3" 50 4 mins
5" 200 16 mins
7" 400 32 mins

Super 8 3" 50 3 mins
5" 200 13 mins
7" 400 27 mins

9.5mm Coming Soon!





Significant discounts are available for quantity. Prices include a menu of up to 6 items. If you have a photograph you'd like to use as the menu background, feel free to enclose it (no extra charge).

How long does it take?

"Depends".

Generally speaking you're looking at 1 to 3 weeks, but this depends on quantity. One or two 7" or 8" reels might be out next day, but 100 three inch reels would take longer. Possibly a lot longer. Please phone 01438 220607 or 07766 326219 for a more explicit quotation.

Ordering.

When you send us you cine films please try to bear the following in mind: It's not required but will make your job go more smoothly:

Group rolls by common density (dark, light, etc)
Group by common film types (K40, B&W. etc)
Group by camera (each has a different frameline placement)
Group by special needs (horizon correction, cropping, etc)
Group by common speed (15, 18, 24, 30fps)

Rush Service

"Rush Service" means next day, or the day after, delivery of the finished product.

A "Rush Service" is available, but it's expensive. The exact charge varies a bit, but generally speaking where the rush service is possible (it may not be - availability depends on all kinds of things), you're looking at at least 100% surcharge on the basic fee..

Cine To DVD, or YouTube.

Ultimate flexibility, ultimate control!

Cine To DVD:

Not interested in the technical details?

Then

Click Here for prices, etc.

Or

Click Here to see what the finished product looks like.

(This page may take a while to load, becasue there are several big pictures)

Click Here for an MPEG-1 movie that illustrates the our conversion quality. The demo is a lot smaller than our standard conversions in order to preserve bandwidth (2.6Mb, which isn't too bad, even if you're on dial-up). Other samples are here (new window).

We can convert 8mm and Super 8mm cine film to any digital format you want (we should also be able to do 9.5mm in the next couple of weeks). We do not have the facilities to convert cine soundtracks at this time. If you want to add a soundtrack, you can supply one on CD, cassette tape, or whatever media takes your fancy. Generally speaking we don't recommend a musical soundtrack because they tend to date terribly quickly.

Generally speaking we recommend moving to your cine film to DVD; but that's up to you. You should choose the end format that is most appropriate to your needs. Mostly, this will be DVD.

How We Convert Cine To Other Formats:

We use the "Telecine" approach.

Essentially this means that we capture each frame of your cine film on an individual basis (one frame at a time), and combine each frame into a digital video film. From the digital video (DV) master we then convert to the format of your choice using Cleaner XL and/or Adobe Premiere.

We do the individual frame capture using a fairly sophisticated and relatively expensive piece of kit called a "Telecine".

Most people who provide a cine conversion service simply film the projected cine film and convert from there.

Problems Inherent in Filming Projected Cine

Videoing the projected film is a quick, cheap and dirty way to do the conversion. It doesn't yield particularly good results because there are a number of inherent problems, the most noticeable of which are:

Strobing

When one videos a projected cine film, one is recording at either 25 or 30 frames per second. Cine, however, is filmed and projected at a variety of frame rates. The important thing is that the rate at which the cine is filmed and projected differs from the rate at which it is videoed at. Now, as you know, a cine film is made up of individual frames. Each frame is separated from other frames by a frame border - basically a black line. When you film the projected cine, the camera picks this black line up and interprets it as a momentary dulling of the picture. The net effect is a perceptible light/dark flashing effect that we call "strobing".

Scanning each frame individually completely avoids this problem because only frames are scanned, not inter-frame borders.

Dull Edges

When you project a cine film, the film is illuminated by a bulb. The light produced by the bulb tends to be circular, and the brightness level falls off the further you get from the centre of illumination. This is illustrated below:



As you get further from the centre of illumination, brightness tends to fall off. What this comes down to is that you get a bright middle and darker towards the sides of the frame probably following some kind of inverse square law.

Of course how pronounced this effect is depends on a whole host of variables, bulb type, projector screen distance and so on, but videoing tends to make the brightness variation more pronounced.

The white/gray circles represent the brightness level provided by the projector bulb, and the yellow rectangle outline represent the film frame. The illustration is only, erm, illustrative, but you get the general idea.

The telecine approach provides a constant linear illumination level, so you avoid this problem altogether.

Frame Cropping

Basically this problem is avoidable when videoing a projected cine film, but it's tricky to do well. The nature of the problem is that the frame size of your video camera differs from the frame size of the projected movie. Well, when I say "frame size," what I actually mean is "aspect ratio". So what's the aspect ratio? And why quibble?




Essentially the "aspect ratio" is the ratio of image height to image width. The yellow rectangle illustrates the frame size and aspect ratio of most PAL digital cameras - it's a bit different for NTSC, or if you're using widescreen format, but the principle is the same.

In order to make sure that you video the whole projected cine image, you need to position the camera at a distance from the screen so that with the appropriate zoom setting you get
the entire image without loosing either the vertical or horizontal edges. And then, of course you run into other problems to do with illumination levels, camera angle and so on. As I say, it can be done but it's damn fiddley and quite hard to get right.


And these are some (by no means all) of the reasons why videoing projected cine film and then converting to whatever digital format is a bad idea, if you want a good result.

The Telecine Approach

At Video2CD we use the "Telecine Approach," which means that we avoid all of the problems listed, and quite a few others, giving you the best possible cine conversion quality it's possible to get.

As noted above, a telecine scans each frame of your cine film individually, with linear illumination giving excellent reproduction, and incidentally perfect frame rate conversion; remember cine is projected at around 18 frames per second, where as PAL DVDs play at 25fps.

The frame rate problem is actually quite interesting (if you're that way inclined).

The Downside

Telecine operations are relatively slow; the machines we operate can handle 6 frames per second, and we prefer to run then at 4 fps to ensure the highest quality capture. That means our conversions take longer that simply filming the projected cine and converting from there.

Prices

We charge the same for standard 8mm and super 8mm cine conversions. Detailed prices are given below.

The basic price is £50 per hour + £5 per reel. The reel charge is basically a species of self-defence. It's a real hassle to set up a telecine, and frankly I'd really rather not do it every 4 minutes.

The moral of this is that you should - where possible - splice together your 3" reels into 7" reels. We may be able to do this for you (for a fee, alas) in the not too distant future. The upside is that the fee will be less than the reel charge.

But PLEASE DO NOT SPLICE YOUR REELS TOGETHER if you are unpracticed at that kind of thing. I know this will cost you more but unless you know what you're doing this can lead to an inferior result

The table below lists reel sizes and approximate running times. This should enable you to calculate the total cost of converting your cine films without too much hassle. But you may need a ruler!

We also have a price calculator program. Click Here to use it!
Reel Size Length (feet) Duration
Standard 8 3" 50 4 mins
5" 200 16 mins
7" 400 32 mins

Super 8
3" 50 3 mins
5" 200 13 mins
7" 400 27 mins

9.5mm Coming Soon!





Significant discounts are available for quantity. Prices include a menu of up to 6 items. If you have a photograph you'd like to use as the menu background, feel free to enclose it (no extra charge).

How long does it take?

"Depends".

Generally speaking you're looking at 1 to 3 weeks, but this depends on quantity. One or two 7" or 8" reels might be out next day, but 100 three inch reels would take longer. Possibly a lot longer. Please phone 01438 220607 or 07766 326219 for a more explicit quotation.

Ordering.

When you send us you cine films please try to bear the following in mind: It's not required but will make your job go more smoothly:

Group rolls by common density (dark, light, etc)
Group by common film types (K40, B&W. etc)
Group by camera (each has a different frameline placement)
Group by special needs (horizon correction, cropping, etc)
Group by common speed (15, 18, 24, 30fps)

Rush Service

"Rush Service" means next day, or the day after, delivery of the finished product.

A "Rush Service" is available, but it's expensive. The exact charge varies a bit, but generally speaking where the rush service is possible (it may not be - availability depends on all kinds of things), you're looking at at least 100% surcharge on the basic fee..

Cine To DVD:

Not interested in the technical details?

Then

Click Here for prices, etc.

Or

Click Here to see what the finished product looks like.

(This page may take a while to load, becasue there are several big pictures)

Click Here for an MPEG-1 movie that illustrates the our conversion quality. The demo is a lot smaller than our standard conversions in order to preserve bandwidth (2.6Mb, which isn't too bad, even if you're on dial-up). Other samples are here (new window).

We can convert 8mm and Super 8mm cine film to any digital format you want (we should also be able to do 9.5mm in the next couple of weeks). We do not have the facilities to convert cine soundtracks at this time. If you want to add a soundtrack, you can supply one on CD, cassette tape, or whatever media takes your fancy. Generally speaking we don't recommend a musical soundtrack because they tend to date terribly quickly.

Generally speaking we recommend moving to your cine film to DVD; but that's up to you. You should choose the end format that is most appropriate to your needs. Mostly, this will be DVD.

How We Convert Cine To Other Formats:

We use the "Telecine" approach.

Essentially this means that we capture each frame of your cine film on an individual basis (one frame at a time), and combine each frame into a digital video film. From the digital video (DV) master we then convert to the format of your choice using Cleaner XL and/or Adobe Premiere.

We do the individual frame capture using a fairly sophisticated and relatively expensive piece of kit called a "Telecine".

Most people who provide a cine conversion service simply film the projected cine film and convert from there.

Problems Inherent in Filming Projected Cine

Videoing the projected film is a quick, cheap and dirty way to do the conversion. It doesn't yield particularly good results because there are a number of inherent problems, the most noticeable of which are:

Strobing

When one videos a projected cine film, one is recording at either 25 or 30 frames per second. Cine, however, is filmed and projected at a variety of frame rates. The important thing is that the rate at which the cine is filmed and projected differs from the rate at which it is videoed at. Now, as you know, a cine film is made up of individual frames. Each frame is separated from other frames by a frame border - basically a black line. When you film the projected cine, the camera picks this black line up and interprets it as a momentary dulling of the picture. The net effect is a perceptible light/dark flashing effect that we call "strobing".

Scanning each frame individually completely avoids this problem because only frames are scanned, not inter-frame borders.

Dull Edges

When you project a cine film, the film is illuminated by a bulb. The light produced by the bulb tends to be circular, and the brightness level falls off the further you get from the centre of illumination. This is illustrated below:



As you get further from the centre of illumination, brightness tends to fall off. What this comes down to is that you get a bright middle and darker towards the sides of the frame probably following some kind of inverse square law.

Of course how pronounced this effect is depends on a whole host of variables, bulb type, projector screen distance and so on, but videoing tends to make the brightness variation more pronounced.

The white/gray circles represent the brightness level provided by the projector bulb, and the yellow rectangle outline represent the film frame. The illustration is only, erm, illustrative, but you get the general idea.

The telecine approach provides a constant linear illumination level, so you avoid this problem altogether.

Frame Cropping

Basically this problem is avoidable when videoing a projected cine film, but it's tricky to do well. The nature of the problem is that the frame size of your video camera differs from the frame size of the projected movie. Well, when I say "frame size," what I actually mean is "aspect ratio". So what's the aspect ratio? And why quibble?




Essentially the "aspect ratio" is the ratio of image height to image width. The yellow rectangle illustrates the frame size and aspect ratio of most PAL digital cameras - it's a bit different for NTSC, or if you're using widescreen format, but the principle is the same.

In order to make sure that you video the whole projected cine image, you need to position the camera at a distance from the screen so that with the appropriate zoom setting you get
the entire image without loosing either the vertical or horizontal edges. And then, of course you run into other problems to do with illumination levels, camera angle and so on. As I say, it can be done but it's damn fiddley and quite hard to get right.


And these are some (by no means all) of the reasons why videoing projected cine film and then converting to whatever digital format is a bad idea, if you want a good result.

The Telecine Approach

At Video2CD we use the "Telecine Approach," which means that we avoid all of the problems listed, and quite a few others, giving you the best possible cine conversion quality it's possible to get.

As noted above, a telecine scans each frame of your cine film individually, with linear illumination giving excellent reproduction, and incidentally perfect frame rate conversion; remember cine is projected at around 18 frames per second, where as PAL DVDs play at 25fps.

The frame rate problem is actually quite interesting (if you're that way inclined).

The Downside

Telecine operations are relatively slow; the machines we operate can handle 6 frames per second, and we prefer to run then at 4 fps to ensure the highest quality capture. That means our conversions take longer that simply filming the projected cine and converting from there.

Prices

We charge the same for standard 8mm and super 8mm cine conversions. Detailed prices are given below.

The basic price is £50 per hour + £5 per reel. The reel charge is basically a species of self-defence. It's a real hassle to set up a telecine, and frankly I'd really rather not do it every 4 minutes.

The moral of this is that you should - where possible - splice together your 3" reels into 7" reels. We may be able to do this for you (for a fee, alas) in the not too distant future. The upside is that the fee will be less than the reel charge.

But PLEASE DO NOT SPLICE YOUR REELS TOGETHER if you are unpracticed at that kind of thing. I know this will cost you more but unless you know what you're doing this can lead to an inferior result

The table below lists reel sizes and approximate running times. This should enable you to calculate the total cost of converting your cine films without too much hassle. But you may need a ruler!

We also have a price calculator program. Click Here to use it!
Reel Size Length (feet) Duration

Standard 8
3" 50 4 mins
5" 200 16 mins
7" 400 32 mins

Super 8
3" 50 3 mins
5" 200 13 mins
7" 400 27 mins

9.5mm Coming Soon!





Significant discounts are available for quantity. Prices include a menu of up to 6 items. If you have a photograph you'd like to use as the menu background, feel free to enclose it (no extra charge).

How long does it take?

"Depends".

Generally speaking you're looking at 1 to 3 weeks, but this depends on quantity. One or two 7" or 8" reels might be out next day, but 100 three inch reels would take longer. Possibly a lot longer. Please phone 01438 220607 or 07766 326219 for a more explicit quotation.

Ordering.

When you send us you cine films please try to bear the following in mind: It's not required but will make your job go more smoothly:

Group rolls by common density (dark, light, etc)
Group by common film types (K40, B&W. etc)
Group by camera (each has a different frameline placement)
Group by special needs (horizon correction, cropping, etc)
Group by common speed (15, 18, 24, 30fps)

Rush Service

"Rush Service" means next day, or the day after, delivery of the finished product.

A "Rush Service" is available, but it's expensive. The exact charge varies a bit, but generally speaking where the rush service is possible (it may not be - availability depends on all kinds of things), you're looking at at least 100% surcharge on the basic fee..

Placeholder Picture

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Maecenas et metus.

Carlos James

Placeholder Picture

Sweet Pricing

$200

Silver

Web Design
Training Session
3 Design Revisions
Hardware Consultation

Purchase

$300

Gold

Web Design
Training Session
3 Design Revisions
Hardware Consultation

Purchase

$500

Platinum

Web Design
Training Session
3 Design Revisions
Hardware Consultation

Purchase